Friday, November 21, 2014

Beauty, Order, and Pterosaurs

Scientists may have found an upper limit to pterosaur wingspans. A fossil ichthyosaur is our first look at how these marine animals returned to the ocean, and scientists found a spike-headed ankylosaur species.

I'm fascinated by this sort of thing. Your experience may vary.
  1. Birds aren't Pterosaurs
  2. Ichthyosaur Living Between Land and Sea: Cartorhynchus Lenticarpus
  3. Zaraapelta Nomadis — or — "Spike" the Ankylosaur

Order, Beauty, and a "State of Journeying"

I saw the universe as a place of order and beauty before I became a Catholic. Now, I must see it as a place of order and beauty. It's 'in the rules.' (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 32)

The universe is not perfect, yet: but that's the direction it's going. It is being created by God: constantly upheld and sustained, in a "state of journeying" toward an ultimate perfection. (Catechism, 302)

Studying this world is okay. We're human, created in the image of God. We can, using reason, see God's work in the universe. (Catechism, 35-36, 301, 303-306, 311, 1704)

What is and is not considered "beautiful" is partly subjective, partly cultural. I think Pythagoras was on the right track, though, seeing a connection between beauty and mathematics.

I agree with this definition:
"Beauty is a characteristic of a person, animal, place, object, or idea that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction. ... The experience of 'beauty' often involves an interpretation of some entity as being in balance and harmony with nature...."
(Beauty, Wikipedia)
That's why I see beauty in flowers, stars — and drying mud. More accurately, I've learned to see beauty in this universe. (October 5, 2014)

Each of us can decide to act, or not act: guided by reason or by emotions. Feelings are fine: but we've got brains, and are expected to use them. (Catechism, 274, 1706, 1731, 1762-1767)

I'll grant that giraffe-like pterosaurs like Quetzalcoatlus seem grotesque: but so, in their own way, do giraffes.

Scientists who tried analyzing these giant winged creatures as birds decided that they couldn't fly. Others decided that this featherless critter with a 36-foot wingspan wouldn't fly like a bird: and I'll get back to that.

I see Quetzalcoatlus, giraffes, and venus flytraps, as "being in balance and harmony with nature:" and so in that sense they are beautiful.

"Greater Admiration," or Not

Around the time Emperor Xianfeng died, some folks claimed that since the universe is orderly; and operates by rational, knowable, laws: a rational, orderly Creator can't exist. That oversimplifies the situation, of course.

Quite a few tightly-wound Christians agreed: loudly. We've been dealing with fallout from that craziness ever since.

The upshot, so far, is that a remarkable number of folks are convinced that Christianity is against science, or that religion is 'unscientific.'

We've learned quite a bit since the 1860s. Some folks see humanity's expanding knowledge as opportunities for greater admiration of God's greatness. (Catechism, 283)

Others, not so much.

Studying God's Creation

Me? I think the universe is billions, not thousands, of years old; Earth isn't flat; Adam and Eve weren't German; poetry isn't science; and thinking is not a sin.

I've said it before — things of faith come from God. Things of the world come from God. Honest, ethical, study of this astounding universe cannot hurt our faith in God. (Catechism, 159)

Results of scientific research may, however, occasionally require reconsideration of old assumptions. I'm okay with that.

"Grim Monsters" and H. P. Lovecraft

(From Thomas Hawkins; via The Online Books Page, University of Pennsylvania; used w/o permission.)
(Front piece of "The Book of the Great Sea-Dragons, Ichthyosauri and Plesiosauri...," Thomas Hawkins (1840))

English geologist Thomas Hawkins' ichthyosaur specimens were on display in the Natural History Museum of London in 2008. His ideas about "the Great Sea-Dragons" boosted public interest in paleontology: and were recognized as wrong by the 1850s.

Hawkins' prose was colorful, grandiose, flamboyant, and rhapsodically replete with sesquipedalian loquaciousness: by today's standards. Here's part of his assertion that "grim Monsters" and "Dragon Pterodactyles ... with Vampire Wing" were Satan's work:
"...'Adam,' the Lucifer and Protagonist of Antiquity, doing mis-prision against Sovereignty, turns the weapons of Loyalty upon his Liege, and plunges them into the Bowels of his Mother Earth. Forsaken of Angels, groaning, she bringeth forth grim Monsters, which ravage her Garden, the Locusts that consume it away....

"...Then a Vision of Abysmal Waters, swarming with all wondrous creatures of Life, and gelid Swamps with amphibious things , and Dragon Pterodactyles flitting in the hot air with Vampire Wing....

"...Then a Vision of brute Savages haunting Eldritch Caves: of gaunt Lords of wassail, war, blood , and perdition: Blasted Continents, and withering pines, and briars and thorns: Rebellion, Violence, horrors manifold: Prometheus chained, the Vulture, the Liver: The World at the brink of Death.... "
("The Book of the Great Sea-Dragons, Ichthyosauri and Plesiosauri," Thomas Hawkins, Thomas; pp. 4, 5 (1840))
Nearly seven decades later, echoes of Hawkins' "brute Savages haunting Eldritch Caves" still influenced attitudes toward "cavemen." My opinion.

"The Book of the Great Sea-Dragons..." may not have directly influenced H. P. Lovecraft, but I see shadows of "withering pines, and briars ... horrors manifold" in this Lovecfaft tale:
"...Out of the fungus-ridden earth steamed up a vaporous corpse-light, yellow and diseased, which bubbled and lapped to a gigantic height in vague outlines half human and half monstrous, through which I could see the chimney and fireplace beyond. It was all eyes—wolfish and mocking—and the rugose insect-like head dissolved at the top to a thin stream of mist which curled putridly about and finally vanished up the chimney...."
("The Shunned House," H. P. Lovecraft (1937))
I don't agree with Lovecraft's philosophy, as reflected in his Cthulhu stories, but I can see how he might have imagined that the universe was at best indifferent. (June 27, 2014)

That said, I enjoy reading well-wrought fantasy and speculative fiction, and prefer Lovecraft's prose to Hawkins' — partly because Lovecraft almost certainly knew he was writing fiction.

Besides, although Lovecraft's style is hardly terse, he's laconic when compared to Hawkins: and that's another topic.

1. Birds aren't Pterosaurs

(From Mark Witton, Darren Naish; via Wikimedia Commons; used w/o permission.)
("Fossil trackways show that pterosaurs like Quetzalcoatlus northropi were quadrupeds."
"Launch limit for pterosaur flight"
Gretchen Vogel, Science Magazine (American Association for the Advancement of Science) (November 10, 2014)

"The ancient flying reptiles called pterosaurs include the largest flying animals ever discovered, with estimated wingspans as wide as 11 meters, the width of a doubles tennis court. Exactly how such gargantuan creatures could have taken off, stayed aloft, and landed safely has long puzzled biomechanics experts. New calculations presented here last week at the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology’s annual meeting suggest that flying and landing weren't problems even for the biggest specimens, but takeoff probably limited how large the animals could grow....

"...Some researchers have argued that those giants were simply too large to fly. But given their large wings—a skin-and-muscle membrane that extended between an extended fourth finger and the animals' hind legs—most researchers think they did spend time in the air...."
I checked: and sure enough, a few years ago some scientists used applied math describing how today's birds fly to large pterosaurs. Their calculations showed that those Late Cretaceous critters couldn't fly.

One of them said that Cretaceous air was thicker, or had lots more oxygen than today's mix: and that's how the big pterosaurs could fly.

Earth's atmosphere has changed quite a bit over the last few billion years: and there was more O2 in the our air when pterosaurs flew. But apparently pterosaurs could fly today.

Critters with four limbs that fly come in three basic models: pterosaurs, birds, and bats. Draco lizards and flying squirrels don't fly, they glide. The same goes for chrysopelea like the kala jin, airborn snakes. (June 6, 2014)

The point is that birds aren't pterosaurs, and math that applies to birds doesn't work with Cretaceous flyers.

The University of Bristol's Colin Palmer and University of Southern California in Los Angeles's Michael Habib took a different approach.

Using tomography scans of pterosaur fossils and wind tunnel tests of model pterosaur wings, they developed a computer model of a pterosaur with a 6-meter wingspan.

Then they scaled their model up to have 9-meter and 12-meter wingspans and calculated the forces on the animals' bones, wings, and muscles as they took off, flew, and landed.

Pterosaurs: "Very Different from Anything Living Today"

(From Matt Martyniuk, from Mark Witton and Darren Naish; via Wikimedia Commons; used w/o permission.)
(Size comparison: human, Quetzalcoatlus northropi (green), and another large pterosaur.)
"Staying airborne was no problem for their model pterosaurs, [Colin] Palmer told the meeting. Even animals with wingspans of 15 meters would have had enough muscle power to counteract the drag that exists when the animal is in the air. Landing is a more complicated process, he says, and those modeling experiments were less definitive. The calculations didn't place a clear limit on the ability of bone to absorb the stress of landing, but even up to 12 meters, Palmer says, their model animals could land safely...."
(Gretchen Vogel, Science Magazine)
The model pterosaurs took off with no problems with wingspans of nine or 10 meters. They could jump high enough to start flapping their wings: using all four limbs.

Pterosaurs with wingspans over 11 meters could, theoretically, under ideal conditions, get into the air. That's not good enough for real animals, though: which may explain why we haven't found pterosaurs the size of jumbo jets.

Palmer and Habib's research helps us understand pterosaurs. As the the Brazilian National Museum's Alexander Kellner said, "they were very different from anything living today," so working models of the extinct critters should be based on data from fossils.

2. Ichthyosaur Living Between Land and Sea: Cartorhynchus Lenticarpus

(From Ryosuke Motani / University of California, Davis, via, used w/o permission.)
(Cartorhynchus lenticarpus)
"First Amphibious Ichthyosaur Found – Cartorhynchus lenticarpus" (November 6, 2014)

"Paleontologists led by Prof Ryosuke Motani of the University of California, Davis, have discovered an amphibious ichthyosaur that lived in the seas of what is now China during the upper Lower Triassic, about 248 million years ago. The discovery is the first to link the dolphin-like ichthyosaur to its terrestrial ancestors, filling a gap in the fossil record.

"The fossil, named Cartorhynchus lenticarpus, represents a missing stage in the evolution of ichthyosaurs. Until now, there were no fossils marking their transition from land to sea.

" 'But now we have this fossil showing the transition. There's nothing that prevents it from coming onto land,' said Prof Motani, who is the first author of a paper published in the journal Nature.

"Prof Motani and his colleagues from the United States, China and Italy, discovered the fossil in the Majiashan Quarry near Hefei City, Anhui Province.

"Cartorhynchus lenticarpus is the smallest ichthyosaur to date. The preserved length of the specimen is 21.4 cm; total body length is estimated to be only 40 cm.

"Its amphibious characteristics include large flippers and flexible wrists, essential for crawling on the ground.
Cartorhynchus lenticarpus was the size of a large lizard. Its large flippers and flexible wrists let it move on land or in water, like today's seals and sea lions. Comparatively thick bones suggest that it could swim through rough coastal waves on its way from land to deeper water.

Studying Cartorhynchus lenticarpus is important for paleontologists, since it fills a gap in the ichthyosaur story.

Scientists have known about ichthyosaurs since the early 19th century. Since then, we've learned that they appeared shortly after Earth's biggest mass extinction, 252,000,000 years back, flourished, and spread throughout Earth's ocean for another 160,500,000 years.

The Cenomanian-Turonian boundary event, 91,500,000 years back, killed off all but one variety of ichthyosaur: which didn't last long.

We've known about long, short, squat, and lanky ichthyosaurs: every one of them exclusively deep-water animals.

Until now we had no example of an ichthyosaur ancestor that lived at least partly on land.

This little critter lived about 4,000,000 years after the Permian-Triassic extinction event. Studying it may shed light on how Earth's oceans recovered after the great dying.

There's More to Learn

Earth goes through mass extinctions now and then. This one, the 'great dying,' was the worst we know of. When it was over, 83% of all genera were dead. Only 4% of marine species survived. (November 29, 2013)

Life on Earth was never the same after that. For one thing, many animals move around now. (July 18, 2014)

As I've said before, change happens: that's how this universe works.

We've known that this creation is vast and ancient for thousands of years, but only recently realized how big and old it is — and how much more we have to learn.

3. Zaraapelta Nomadis — or — "Spike" the Ankylosaur

(From Danielle Dufault, via University of Alberta, used w/o permission.)
("Life restoration of the newly named ankylosaur Zaraapelta nomadis"
(University of Alberta))
"UAlberta paleontologists name new armoured dinosaur"
News & Events, University of Alberta (October 27, 2014)

"Mongolian dinosaur with spiky helmet shows Gobi Desert was hotspot for ankylosaur diversity.

"The Gobi Desert of Late Cretaceous Mongolia was the place to be if you were one of the armoured dinosaurs called ankylosaurs. Besides the badlands of southern Alberta, the Gobi Desert has the highest number of ankylosaur species that lived together at the same time—and now a new family member has just been identified....

"...The new species, Zaraapelta nomadis, was discovered in 2000 by a team led by Phil Currie, and is named today in a paper by Victoria Arbour, Demchig Badamgarav and Philip Currie published in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. The name Zaraapelta is a combination of the Mongolian and Greek works for 'hedgehog' and 'shield' in reference to its spiky appearance, and 'nomadis' in honour of the Mongolian company Nomadic Expeditions, which has facilitated paleontological fieldwork in the Gobi Desert for almost two decades...."
"Hedgehog" is "зараа" or "zaraa" in Mongolian, "shield" is "ασπίδα" or "aspída" in Greek, depending on whose alphabet you use. I wonder if someone's named this particular Zaraapelta nomadis "Spike" yet, and that's yet another topic.

Zaraapelta's fancy 'helmet' may have been for protection: or a display, like a male peacock's oversize tail feathers. Or maybe having different lumps on their heads helped Zraapeltas and Saichania, another ankylosaur, tell each other apart.

Bone is an expensive item for animals. Growing those headdresses took a lot of nutrients and energy, so they presumably did something important for the critters.

Ankylosaurs were low-slung, armored, not overly burdened with intelligence, and remarkably successful dinosaurs. We've found their remains on every continent except Africa: and I wouldn't be surprised if they were there, too. (September 19, 2014)

The rhinoceros is as close as we have to ankylosaurs today. Glyptodons, were quite a bit like ankylosaurs: about the size of of a Volkswagon Beetle, but a bit flatter. They died out when we arrived in the America: probably because they were walking all-you-can-eat smorgasbords.

The odds are pretty good that glyptodon shells made good shelters, too: provided you don't mind low ceilings. Pangolins and armadillos grow their own armor, although pangolin plate is keratin, the stuff our hair and nails are made of, not bone: and that's still another topic.

That article is from News & Events on the University of Alberta's website, so there's a strong focus on U. of A.'s contribution to this discovery. It's a good place to start learning about Zaraapelta nomadis, though.

I particularly appreciated the last paragraph, after "Resurrecting a discarded dinosaur:"
"...The science of naming organisms, called taxonomy, is more fluid than many people might realize, Arbour notes. Sometimes, researchers might determine that two species names represent only one actual species...."
(News & Events, University of Alberta)

(From Jessica Tansey, via University of Alberta, used w/o permission.)
(Jessica Tansey's drawing of the Zaraapelta nomadis skull.)

More of my take on science and Psalms 98:4:

More than you need to know about pterosaurs:

Sunday, November 16, 2014

Fear of the Lord: Ancient, Timeless Wisdom

33rd Sunday in Ordinary Time 2014:

33rd Sunday in Ordinary Time 2014

By Deacon Lawrence N. Kaas
November 16, 2014

Our Catholic Christian tradition teaches us that happiness and friendship and marriage should all be based on a healthy loving fear of the Lord. In the Hebrew Scriptures, the psalmist expresses it very simply and poetically. "Blessed are those who fear the Lord," and then he explains what, exactly, that means: "to fear of the Lord is to walk in his ways." This is the wisdom of the ages. It is the perennial principle of human happiness. And it is the foundation of true success in marriage.

To fear the Lord is to walk in his ways. How blessed are those who fear the Lord! Those who fear the Lord are to be praised! Some kinds of fear are good, and some kinds of fear are bad. Bad fear should be resisted. Good fear should be encouraged. To fear the Lord is to understand that the meaning of life is to love God and to seek his ways. To fear the Lord is to appreciate the unsurpassable value of faith in God and faith in the son of God. To fear the Lord is to live a sacrificial life for others in imitation of the one who sacrifices himself for us on the cross.

But this way of life must begin at home. It begins in the context of marriage and family, and the family must always have priority in the spiritual life. We must sacrifice ourselves first of all for those who are closest to us, for those we love the most. The husband sacrifices himself for his wife. The wife sacrifices herself for her husband. As parents, they sacrifice themselves for their children. To fear the Lord is to see the beauty in the sacredness of this sacrificial way of life. Our faith enables us to see what the world does not appreciate: the sacredness of marriage, and the beauty of a life that is lived for one's family.

What exactly does that look like, a life lived for one's family? In our society we are surrounded with many models of infidelity and unfaithfulness. We are constantly confronted with out right violations of marriage and family, and we see many family relationships breaking down and falling apart. It's easy to become kind of skeptical about the whole idea. But we know how it's supposed to work. Deep down in our hearts, we know how it is supposed to be. And our faith tells us how it's supposed to be.

In the first reading, the book of Proverbs speaks of the woman who has true wisdom. How does this woman live her life? How does she spend her time? What does she value? What makes her happy? Does she live for herself or for her family? Well, let's see. She obtains wool and flax, and makes cloth with skillful hands. She reaches out her hand to the poor, and extends her arms to the needy. She is clothed with strength and dignity, and she laughs at the days to come. She opens her mouth in wisdom, and on her tongue is kindly counsel. She watches over the conduct of her household, and she does not eat her food in idleness. She is resourceful and productive. Her children rise up and praise her, and her husband extols her. The woman who fears the Lord is to be praised. Give her a reward for her labors, and let her works praise her at the city gates.

Of course, the Scriptures affirm the very same truths about the husbands. The man of wisdom is the one who works hard for his family, and is faithful to his wife. The man of wisdom is the one who avoids worldly allurements, and controls his unruly impulses. The man of wisdom is the one who fears the Lord, and spends his free time going to church and studying the law of the Lord. The man of wisdom is the one who accepts hardships, stays humble, mourns over his own sins and the sins of others, hungers for righteousness, shows mercy to those who have wronged him, keeps his mind and heart clean, and works to bring his family and friends closer to God. This is the wisdom of the ages, the wisdom that our society has lost and thinks it doesn't need.

The foundation of our society is marriage and family. In the foundation of marriage and the family is a healthy fear of the Lord. The fear the Lord is the key to wisdom, the key to a successful and productive life, and the key to happiness in this life, and the next. If we truly believe this, then we actively and constantly restructure our lives so that they revolve around the walking in the ways of the Lord. And very soon, we discovered that it is not going to be easy. We may find that we are insulted and persecuted, and marginalized and excluded, because we have committed ourselves to a Christian set of values and the Christian way of life.

Is our Lord demanding? Yes, because he is Truth and Goodness, and Truth and Goodness are demanding. We have to stay awake and alert. We have to work hard to stay sober. We have to be good and faithful servants. We have to use the gifts and talents Lord has given us.

The more we use the gifts and talents he has given us, the more gifts and talents he gives us. They're given to us for others.

All he asks is that we remain faithful in small matters. All he asks is that we follow his ways in the details of our lives. All we have to do is lead a quiet life and do the work he has given us to do. All we have to do is put ourselves at the service of our families and friends with the resources he has given us.

His demands are reasonable. In the face of such demand, the wrong kind of fear will lead us to protect ourselves, abandon our duties, and live for ourselves. But the right kind of fear will lead us to abandon ourselves, except our duties, and lived for others.

You'll notice now that I close with a little different closure, that I have been have been doing in the past because the New Evangelization requires that we use words.

So you all be Good, be Holy preached the Gospel always using Words and Holy Actions.


Talents, and the Best News Ever

Matthew 25:14-30, the parable of the talents, isn't one of those 'feel-good' stories.

You know how it goes: a man gives three of his servants sizable chunks of money: five talents to one, three to another, and one to the third.

The third servant ends up thrown "into the darkness outside, where there will be wailing and grinding of teeth." (Matthew 25:30)

The line before that is just as grim, and a bit disturbing:
"12 For to everyone who has, more will be given and he will grow rich; but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away."
(Matthew 25:29)
These verses reflect the same profound lack of warm fuzzies:
"To anyone who has, more will be given 5 and he will grow rich; from anyone who has not, even what he has will be taken away."
(Matthew 13:12)

"To the one who has, more will be given; from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away.' "
(Mark 4:25)

"Take care, then, how you hear. To anyone who has, more will be given, and from the one who has not, even what he seems to have will be taken away.' "
(Luke 8:18)

" 'I tell you, to everyone who has, more will be given, but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away."
(Luke 19:26)
That looks like the polar opposite of what Amos said about those "who trample upon the needy and destroy the poor of the land." (Amos 8:4)

Matthew, Mark, and Luke aren't saying that we should 'steal from the poor and give to the rich,' or that being poor is sinful. It's okay to be poor — or rich. What matters is what we do with what we've got. (July 28, 2013; August 4, 2011)

Talents, Minas, and Shekels

A talent, by the way, is how much water one amphora holds. That's between 57 and 67 pounds, by my measurement system, and depending on whether you're talking about Attic, Roman, Egyptian, or Babylonian talents.

Folks around the ancient Mediterranean had currency with weights based on those figures. For a while, one Attic talent of silver was worth nine man-years of skilled work. That's a lot of work: and a lot of silver.

For Babylonians, Sumerians, and Hebrews, 60 mina equaled one talent, and 60 shekels equaled one mina — which mattered if you were doing business in ancient Mesopotamia, but not so much today.

Doing Something

Doing something about what we believe is vital.
"...A Christian who withdraws into himself, who hides everything that the Lord has given him, is a Christian who... he is not a Christian! He is a Christian who does not thank God for everything God has given him!..."
(General Audience, Saint Peter's Square, Pope Francis (April 24, 2013))

"...the servant who had hidden his talent and failed to make it increase in worth, had calculated badly. He behaved as if his master were never to return, as if there would never be a day on which he would be asked to account for his actions...."
(Angelus, Pope Benedict XVI, St. Peter's Square (November 13, 2011))
Getting back to Matthew 25, the master asks a good question:
"Should you not then have put my money in the bank so that I could have got it back with interest on my return?"
(Matthew 25:27)
Maybe the third servant wouldn't have been rewarded for doing the obvious, but at least he'd have done something with his talent.

I think Luke 8:16-18's advice about not hiding lamps makes sense: and applies to the parable of the talents.

Luke's observation about where lamps should go comes after a parable about seed falling on a path, rocky ground, among thorns, and in good soil. The idea is clearly that responding to the word of God makes sense.

I could decide that being a Christian means that I should stand on a table somewhere, spouting Bible verses. More reasonably, I could do one of those 'quote of the day' blogs: with a Biblical theme.

That's not the only option, of course.

We're not all alike. God doesn't mass-produce people. Our "talents" are different, so we can share with others who need our wealth, skill, openness or other qualities. (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1936-1937)

"Faith Without Works is Dead"

That quote is at the end of James 2:14-26; and discussed in Catechism, 1815.

I don't see the point in believing something, without acting as if that belief mattered.

I take my Lord's final instructions, "...make disciples of all nations...," seriously. (Matthew 28:19-20)

"Make disciples?!" That doesn't mean marching someone into church at gunpoint. That'd be silly: also counterproductive and illegal in my country. Besides, I can't "make" anyone believe or not believe. We must be free to follow our conscience. (Catechism, 1782)

Evangelization and Consequences

Evangelization — preaching the gospel, or converting to Christianity — is, or should be, a major priority for every Christian. Again, I can't make you, or anyone else, do or believe anything.

But I can share the best news humanity's ever had: that God loves us, and wants to adopt us. (John 3:17; Catechism, 52, 1825)

There's a catch, sort of. I'm expected to love God, love my neighbor, see everybody as my neighbor, and treat others as I'd like to be treated. (Matthew 5:43-44, 7:12, 22:36-40, Mark 12:28-31; Luke 6:31 10:25-27, 29-37; Catechism, 1789)

There's more to my faith than 'it's nice to be nice,' but the basics aren't all that complicated. The Nicene Creed is a pretty good summary.

Evangelization is part of my job as a Catholic layman. (Catechism, 905)

I'm a pretty good writer, so putting these posts together seems like an obvious approach to that job.

As I said last week, I don't think that God's waiting for an excuse to drop me into Hell. But I also think that causality exists, and that I'm responsible for my decisions. (November 9, 2014)

Sooner or later, I'll have the final performance review we call the particular judgment. I'm not looking forward to that, but it's unavoidable: and I'm hopeful about the outcome. (November 2, 2014)

Sirach 1:9-12 says that fear of the LORD is glory and splendor; that is warms the heart, and leads to a happy end. On the other hand, fear of the lord isn't being scared of God, and that's another topic. (July 20, 2014)

More of my take on acting like God matters:


Unique, innovative candles

Visit us online:
Spiral Light CandleFind a Retailer
Spiral Light Candle Store

Label Cloud

1277 abortion ADD ADHD-Inattentive Adoration Chapel Advent Afghanistan Africa America angels animals annulment anti-catholicism Antichrist apparitions archaeology architecture Arianism art Asperger syndrome assumptions asteroid astronomy Australia authority baptism being Catholic beliefs bias Bible Bible and Catechism bioethics biology blogs Brazil business Canada capital punishment Caritas in Veritate Catechism Catholic Church Catholic counter-culture Catholicism charisms charity Chile China Christianity Christmas citizenship climatology cloning comets common sense Communion community compassion confirmation conscience conversion cosmology creation credibility crime crucifix Cuba culture dance dark night of the soul death depression despair devotion discipline disease diversity divination Divine Mercy divorce Docetism domestic church dualism duty Easter economics education elections emotions England entertainment environmental issues Establishment Clause ethics ethnicity Eucharist eugenics Europe evangelizing evolution exobiology exoplanets exorcism extremophiles faith faith and works family Father's Day Faust Faustus fear of the Lord Final Judgment First Amendment forgiveness Fortnight For Freedom free will freedom fun genetics genocide geology getting a grip global Gnosticism God God's will good judgment government gratitude guest post guilt Haiti Halloween hate health Heaven Hell HHS hierarchy history holidays Holy Family Holy See Holy Spirit holy water home schooling hope humility humor hypocrisy idolatry image of God images Immaculate Conception in the news Incarnation Independence Day India information technology Internet Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Japan Jesus John Paul II joy just war justice Kansas Kenya Knights of Columbus knowledge Korea language Last Judgment last things law learning Lent Lenten Chaplet life issues love magic Magisterium Manichaeism marriage Mary Mass materialism media medicine meditation Memorial Day mercy meteor meteorology Mexico Minnesota miracles Missouri moderation modesty Monophysitism Mother Teresa of Calcutta Mother's Day movies music Muslims myth natural law neighbor Nestorianism New Year's Eve New Zealand news Nietzsche obedience Oceania organization original sin paleontology parish Parousia penance Pentecost Philippines physical disability physics pilgrimage politics Pope Pope in Germany 2011 population growth poverty prayer predestination pride priests prophets prostitution Providence Purgatory purpose quantum entanglement quotes reason redemption reflections relics religion religious freedom repentance resurrection robots Roman Missal Third Edition rosaries rules sacramentals Sacraments Saints salvation schools science secondary causes sex shrines sin slavery social justice solar planets soul South Sudan space aliens space exploration Spain spirituality stem cell research stereotypes stewardship stories storm Sudan suicide Sunday obligation superstition symbols technology temptation terraforming the establishment the human condition tolerance Tradition traffic Transubstantiation travel Trinity trust truth uncertainty United Kingdom vacation Vatican II veneration vengeance Veterans Day videos virtue vlog vocations voting war warp drive theory wealth weather wisdom within reason work worship writing

Following "A Catholic CItizen in America:"

Popular Posts

Marian Apparition: Champion, Wisconsin

Background:Posts in this blog: In the news:

What's That Doing in a Nice Catholic Blog?

From time to time, a service that I use will display links to - odd - services and retailers.

I block a few of the more obvious dubious advertisers.

For example: psychic anything, numerology, mediums, and related practices are on the no-no list for Catholics. It has to do with the Church's stand on divination. I try to block those ads.

Sometime regrettable advertisements get through, anyway.

Bottom line? What that service displays reflects the local culture's norms, - not Catholic teaching.